icala

Ukumangalelwa njengommeli wommangali noma ummeli omele ummeli kuyisifiso sethu. Ngakho-ke, sisebenzisa izinqubo zomthetho zonke izinhlobo futhi sinikeza amacala nokuqokwa ngaphambi kwenkantolo e-Lower Saxony, eBrmen naseHamburg.

usuku ukumelwa

Uma ummeli eLower Saxony, Hamburg futhi Bremen, kumelwe azibonayo izinsuku enkantolo, kodwa ungafuni ukuzivocavoca ngisho labo izinsuku ngakho singakwazi ezimweni ngazinye futhi like unomphela nge ubuchwepheshe bethu kusukela umkhuba wethu olunzulu futhi enemisebenzi forensic ayatholakala:

  • ukuhlolwa okufika ngesikhathi nokuqinisekiswa kokuqokwa kwegunya
  • ukujwayela ngokucophelela ngamaqiniso ngemuva kokuthumela ifayela / ukuqondisisa ngesandla efayeleni lewebhu
  • usho izinto njengoba zinjalo futhi bezibona ngobuchwepheshe zochwepheshe inkantolo ukuzwa amakhasimende wakho e amandla ommeli ukuthi lokho okukhethile (mhlawumbe kuhlanganise. kubanjwa izitatimende ukuqhathanisa / langempela ukuncenga ngomlomo imbangela kanye, uma kunesidingo. Umbono mayelana nokuthi umiphi umthetho e ikusasa, njll)
  • Ukuhambisa umbiko we-aphoyintimenti ngefeksi noma nge-imeyili ngemuva kokuqokwa, ngesikhathi sakamuva ngosuku olulandelayo
  • Imali yokwabelana uma kunesidingo, ngaphandle kokuhlukaniswa ngokwezimali ngokwemali ye-Unterbevollmächtigung (okusho ukuthi iklayenti lakho alitholi imali engaphezulu yommeli)

Izethulo esizithatha ezinkantolo ezilandelayo

  • Hanover (izinkantolo zonke, Ukuqokwa ngaphambi kwenkantolo yesifunda saseHanover, inkantolo yesifunda saseHanover, inkantolo yomsebenzi yaseHanover, inkantolo yomsebenzi yaseHanover, inkantolo yokuphatha yaseHanover, inkantolo yenhlalakahle yaseHanover, inkantolo yentela yaseSouth Saxony)
  • Brunswick (zonke izinkantolo, ukuqokwa ngaphambi kwenkantolo yesifunda Braunschweig, Inkantolo yesiFunda Braunschweig, INkantolo Yezabasebenzi yaseBrunswick, Inkantolo yesiFunda ephakeme Braunschweig, INkantolo Yokuphatha yaseBraunschweig)
  • Hildesheim (zonke izinkantolo, ngokuqokwa okukhethekile ngaphambi kwenkantolo yesifunda Hildesheim, Inkantolo yesifunda Hildesheim)
  • ukuthi (zonke izinkantolo, ngokumelwa ngokumiswa ngaphambi kwenkantolo yesifunda uCelle, Landessozialgericht Niedersachsen, INkantolo yesiFunda ephakeme uCelle)
  • Hamburg (zonke izinkantolo, ikakhulukazi enkantolo yesifunda saseHurgand kanye Inkantolo YesiFunda Ephakeme Hamburg)
  • Bremen (zonke izinkantolo, ikakhulukazi enkantolo yesifunda uBremen kanye Inkantolo YesiFunda Ephakeme Bremen)
  • Gottingen (zonke izinkantolo, ngokumelwa ngokumiswa ngaphambi kwenkantolo yesifunda eGöttingen, enkantolo yesifunda eGöttingen)

ngaphezulu

__________________________________________________

Efonini yamahhala yokuxhumana

__________________________________________________

okuthunyelwe

Ngokuyisisekelo, ilungelo lokuthola ulwazi ngaphansi kwe-§ 242 BGB ayikwazi ukuvinjelwa isikhathi ngaphambi kokumangalelwa okuyinhloko okusebenza kuyo.

I-BGH UKUKHATHWA VI ZR 222 / 16 ye-25. Julayi 2017

BGB §§ 195, 242 Yiba, 372, 812; I-HintG NRW §§ 4, i-22 Abs. I-3

I-VI. I-Senate Yomphakathi yeNkantolo Yase-Federal kufanele ilalele i-20. UJuni 2017 nguJaji weSihlalo uGeorge, ijaji elivulekile, abagwebi uDkt. Oehler nodr. URoloff kanye nejaji ezincane
kuqashelwa ngakwesokudla:
Esikhathini sokukhalaza kommangalelwa isahlulelo se-6. I-Civil Chamber ye-Landgericht Köln ye-12. Kwangathi i-2016 ikhanseliwe. Icala lihanjiswe enkantolo yokudlulisa icala ngesilingo esisha nesinqumo, kuhlanganise nezindleko zesiphenyo.

Funda kabanzi

__________________________________________________

Akukho ulwazi lokuthola izinombolo zocingo ezisemthethweni zabasebenzi bamaziko emisebenzi

Ilungelo lokuthola ulwazi lokufinyelela ezinombolweni ezisemthethweni zocingo zabasebenzi bamaJobe Centers zingakwazi kokubili ukusongela ukusebenza kwegunya kanye nokuvikelwa kwedatha yomuntu siqu ukuphikisa abasebenzi. INkantolo Yokwengamela Yase-Leipzig inqume namuhla.

Abamangalelwa, becaphuna i-Freedom of Information Act, bafuna ukutholakala kwezinhlu zocingo zezinsizakalo zesikhungo sokuqashwa kwamacala aseCologne, eNuremberg City, Berlin Mitte naseBerlin Treptow-Köpenick. Abasebenzi balezi zikhungo zomsebenzi abafinyeleleki ngokuqondile ngamakhasimende abo ngocingo. Izingcingo ziphendulwa esimweni ngasinye ngamasevisi okusetha ngokukhethekile nezinombolo zocingo ezifanayo.

Ngokusho ukuthi izimangalo eziqinisekiswe ngabaphikisi bezingavumelani, izenzo ezenzakalini zezikhalazo aziphumelelanga. Ukubuyekezwa okubhekiswe kulokhu kunqatshelwe yiNkantolo Yomthetho Yokuphatha.

Funda kabanzi

__________________________________________________

Izinyathelo zomlomo ngaphambi kwezinkantolo zomphakathi (isimiso sokuziphatha, ukuvinjelwa kwezinkantolo zamfihlo)

§ 128 Isimiso se-Orality; inqubo ebhaliwe

(1) Amaqembu axoxisana nale mpikiswano ngaphambi kwenkantolo yecala.
(2) Ngesivumelwane samaqembu, okuyinto ekhishwa kuphela uma kwenzeka ushintsho olukhulu esimweni sokubambisana, inkantolo inganquma ngaphandle kokuqhubeka komlomo. Ngokushesha inquma isikhathi lapho ukuncenga kungenziwa khona futhi usuku lwesinqumo sokumenyezelwa. Isinqumo ngaphandle kokulalela ngomlomo asivumelekile uma sekuphelile izinyanga ezintathu kusukela isivumelwano sezinhlangothi.
(3) Uma kuphela izindleko kufanele zinqunywe, isinqumo singenziwa ngaphandle kokuzwa.
(4) Izinqumo zenkantolo ukuthi akuzona izahlulelo, singakhuthazela, ngaphandle kunqunywa ngenye kungazange kuqulwe.
__________________________________________________

§ I-78 ZPO I-Anwaltsprozess

(1) Ngaphambi kwezinkantolo zesifunda nezinkantolo eziphakeme zesifunda, amaqembu kufanele amelwe ngummeli. Uma inkantolo yesifunda esiphezulu isungulwa ezweni ngenxa yesigatshana se-§ 8 soMthetho Wokusungulwa koMthetho weJaji, khona-ke amaqembu kufanele aphinde amelwe ngummeli. Ngaphambi kweNkantolo yezoBulungiswa yaseSweden, amaqembu kufanele amelelwe ummeli ovunyelwe eNkantolo Yobulungisa Ye-Federal.
(2) Iziphathimandla nezinhlangano ezingokomthetho komthetho emphakathini, kuhlanganise ezakhiwe ukuba bafeze imisebenzi yomphakathi wabo sihlangane kungaba ababambe iqhaza ngokusebenza ithuba lokuphikisa isigwebo ngokuqasha abasebenzi nge ijaji ofanelekayo noma abasebenzi wakufanelekela ahlulele abanye iziphathimandla noma imigwamanda zibuswa umthetho umphakathi, kufaka phakathi abamelela ekusebenzeni kwemisebenzi yabo yomphakathi.
(3) Le mithetho ngeke isebenze enkantolo ngaphambi kokuthunyelwa noma ijaji eliceliwe kanye nezinyathelo ezingenziwa ngaphambi komabhalane wokubhalisa.

(4) Ummeli onelungelo lokumelwa ngokuhambisana nezigaba 1 no-2 angazimela.

__________________________________________________

Imithetho yezomthetho kanye neyendawo ukuze kuqinisekiswe ijaji elisemthethweni

Ukuqinisekisa umahluleli semthethweni, ukugwema zokukhwabanisa noma yiluphi uhlangothi, noma kokubili, futhi ukuqinisekisa ukusatshalaliswa efanele ukuhlasela kwezimali, umthetho, isimiso, kahle hle ukuthi yiziphi inkantolo kumele bashayele Ngokwesibonelo lokuqala ummangali.

a) Igunya elinamandla

Amandla okufakazela ukuthi ngabe inkantolo yesifunda noma inkantolo yesifunda inamandla njengenkantolo yokuqala. Isimiso singabuye sitholakale ku-GVG. Ngokusho § 23 GVG yemfanelo enkantolo yesifunda zihlanganisa izingxabano phezu yezomnotho kanye nezicelo okungezona yezimali nge value of kuze kufinyelele 5.000 euro, kungakhathaliseki inani ingxabano ngoba ingxabano eqhamuka kusukela BEE kwezindlu kanye ezivela ezingxenyeni ubudala. Phakathi kwezinye izinto, inkantolo yesifunda ibhekene nazo zonke izenzo ezihamba ngaphezu kwe-5.000 Euro (bheka § 71 GVG). Ukubalwa kwenani eliphikisanayo lokuhlukunyezwa kungatholakala futhi ku §§ 1 ff. ZPO. Uma inkantolo engekho ikhono ibizwa, isenzo kufanele sichithwe singenakuvunyelwa. Kodwa-ke, inkantolo kumele yazise amacala ngaphambi kwesikhathi. Uma kunjalo, ummangali unelungelo lokufaka isicelo sokudluliselwa. Lokhu kungenziwa nakwezinye izindlela. Kuzo izicelo ezinjalo akukho ummeli enkantolo yesifunda. Inkantolo ke ibhekisela enkantolo efanele (§ 281 ZPO). Leli khumbuzo libophezela. Inkantolo inquma izindleko okubhekiswe kuso.

Ngaphandle kokuba kube khona igunya elikhethekile, amaqembu angenza, ngokuzikhethela kwesivumelwano senkantolo, abize inkantolo engazimele. Ummangalelwa angakwazi ukubandakanya i-rügelos. Nokho, ngaphambi kwenkantolo yesifunda, kumele aziswe enkantolo yegunya (§ 504 ZPO).

__________________________________________________

Isikhalazo kanye nesicelo sokudluliswa kwezigwebo enqubo yomphakathi

Izigwegwe zenkantolo yesifunda kanye nenkantolo yesifunda zingahle zihlaselwe isikhalazo. Inkantolo ephakeme elandelayo ubuyekeze lesi sigwebo. Kodwa-ke, isikhalazo sivunyelwe kuphela uma usunqobile okungenani nge-600 Euro noma inkantolo eye yanquma okokuqala, isikhalazo esivumelwaneni esivumelekile.

Ukunakwa: Uma kubizwa ngokuthi isinqumo sokuqala esizenzakalelayo, isikhalazo asivunyelwe. Esikhundleni salokho, ungaphikisana naso kungakapheli amasonto amabili. Mayelana nesiphakamiso sinquma inkantolo efanelekayo kuze kube manje.

Isikhalazo esiphathelene nezigwegwe zenkantolo yesifunda sibhekiswe enkantolo yesifunda - ngaphandle kwezinqumo zeNkantolo yoMndeni: Kukhona njalo iNkantolo Ephakeme YesiFundazwe. Izigwegwe zenkantolo yesifunda zihlolwe yinkantolo yesifunda ephakeme.

Funda kabanzi

__________________________________________________

Ummeli ohlangene usemigomo yokunquma kwemali ngokwemigomo ye-§§ 45 ff. I-RVG ayikho isimangalo esiphathelene nomgcinimafa kahulumeni wokubuyisela imali ye-VAT

Ummeli obhekene nomthetho usemthethweni wenqubo yokuqokwa kwenkokhelo ngokusho §§ 45 ff. RVG akukho isimangalo ngokumelene nomgcinimafa wombuso Ukubuyiswa kwe-VAT, enikezwe nguye inhlangano ephethwe ukuba inikwe intela yokufaka kuyinto.

Funda kabanzi

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________

Ngesicelo sekhotho yokuqothulwa kwecala le-20.4.05 ekuqothulweni kwezimpahla zalabo ababolekisayo bavulwa.

__________________________________________________

Ukuqeda izinyathelo: Isibopho sokukhokhwa kwezikweleti ezikhokhisiwe

Ukuqeda izinyathelo: Isibopho sokukhokhwa kwezikweleti ezikhokhisiwe

__________________________________________________

Uma izinsolo zokungabonakali sezivulwe kakade ngokumelene nempahla yomboleki, ezinye izinhlelo zokusebenza zokuvulwa kwezinqubo eziphathelene namafa asevele angenayo insolvency (§ 35 InsO) ayamukeleki.

__________________________________________________

Umthetho we-Insolvency: Akukho ukwaneliseka okwehlukile ekunikezeni imali yomshuwalense wokuphila

Isabelo semali yomshuwalense wokuphila sokufa ebhange ibandakanya inani lokuzinikela.

__________________________________________________

Izivumelwano zebhizinisi ezinkambisweni zokungabonakali

Isimangalo sombolekisi sesivele singena endaweni engekho emthethweni, uma ivela ngaphambi kokuvula. Akudingekile ukuthi isimangalo siqinisekiswe ngaphambi kokuvulwa kokuqhubeka. I-2) Isimangalo sezenzo ezingagunyaziwe ngokuzithandela sithatha iqhaza ezinkambisweni zokungabikho.

__________________________________________________

Bankruptcy Trustee: Isicelo senkokhelo naphezu kokungabonakali kwezinye izinqubo zokungabonakali

Umqondisi we-insolvency akalahlekelwa ilungelo lakhe lokukhokha inkokhelo lapho engenzi khona ukuphulwa komsebenzi ngoba wenze ubugebengu kwezinye izinqubo zokungabikho.

__________________________________________________

Inkokhelo yomqondisi we-Insolvency: Ukwengezwa kwezimpahla kanye nemvume yokukhishwa ngokweqile

Izimpahla ezinamalungelo okuhlukaniswa nokuhlukaniswa kufanele zengezwe kumpahla ngokwe-§ 1 I-4 InsVV uma umphathi wesikhashana esebenzelana nayo kakhulu. Imisebenzi ebalulekile kuphela ephathelene namafa aphikisanayo kufanele acatshangelwe ngenkokhelo.

__________________________________________________

Inkokhelo yomqondisi we-insolvency: Ngokwenani "ukuqhubeka kokusebenza" nokuthi "ukudluliselwa kwebhizinisi

Kuye ngezimo, ukwanda komholo ngokwe "imisebenzi eqhubekayo" ne-17% futhi "ukudluliselwa kokusebenza" nge-10% kungase kube kufanele.