ili

Ukumangalelwa njengommeli kummeli okanye ummeli-mmeleli wethu uluthando. Ngoko ke, sisebenzisa iinkqubo zomthetho zonke iintlobo kwaye sinikezela ngamacala kunye nokuqeshwa phambi kweenkundla zase Lower Saxony, eBrmen naseHurmand.

usuku ukumelwa

Ukuba wena, njengegosa lase-Lower Saxony, eHarbourg okanye eBremen, kufuneka wenze amagosa enkundla, kodwa ungafuni ukwenza ezi zikhundla ngokwazo, siyafumaneka kuwe kwimeko yimeko kunye nokusisigxina ngobuchule bethu obuvela kumsebenzi wethu obanzi kunye nobunzulu:

  • uviwo olufike ngexesha kunye nokuqinisekiswa kokuthathwa kwegunya
  • Ukwaziswa ngokucophelela kunye neenkcukacha emva kokuthumela ifayile / isandla kwifayile yewebhu
  • iyiyo malunga nendlela abayibona ngendlela yobungcali yenkundla ukuva kubathengi zakho ngamandla igqwetha iinkcukacha zakho (mhlawumbi kuquka. wazibamba kwiingxelo kuthelekiswa / icala ngomlomo zokoqobo unobangela kunye, xa kukho imfuneko. Uluvo kwi isikhundla ngokwasemthethweni bazisebenzise, ​​njalo njalo)
  • Ukungeniswa kwengxelo yokutyunjwa ngefeksi okanye nge-imeyile emva kokuqeshwa, ngoku kutshanje lusuku olulandelayo
  • Intlawulo-zokwabelana xa kuyimfuneko. (Akukho ntlawulo zongezelelweyo yezomthetho ukuba abaxhamli bakho), ngaphandle kokuba iintlawulo ezizodwa ezenziwe yi-sub-ugunyaziso

Iimpawu esizenzayo kule nkundla zilandelayo

  • Hanover (zonke iinkundla, ukutyunjwa phambi kwenkundla yesithili saseHanover, inkundla yesithili saseHanover, inkundla yomsebenzi yaseHanover, inkundla yezabasebenzi yaseHanover, inkundla yokulawula yaseHanover, inkundla yenkundla yaseHanover, inkundla yentlawulo yase-Lower Saxony)
  • Brunswick (zonke iinkundla, ukuqeshwa phambi kwenkundla yesithili yaseBraunschweig, INkundla yeSithili yaseBraunschweig, INkundla yezabasebenzi yaseBrunswick, INkundla ePhakamileyo yaseBraunschweig, INkundla yoLawulo yaseBraunschweig)
  • Hildesheim (zonke iinkundla, ngokukodwa apho kuqeshwe phambi kwenkundla yesithili iHildesheim, Inkundla yeSithili iHildesheim)
  • ukuba (zonke iinkundla, ngokukodwa ukumelwa kwabaqeshwa ngaphambi kwenkundla yesithili uCelle, Landessozialgericht Niedersachsen, Inkundla yesithili ephakamileyo uCelle)
  • Hamburg (zonke iinkundla, inkundla yesithili saseHurgand kunye Inkundla yesithili ephakamileyo yaseHurgham)
  • Bremen (zonke iinkundla, inkundla yesithili se Bremen kunye Inkundla yesithili ephakamileyo uBremen)
  • Göttingen (zonke iinkundla, ngokukodwa ukumelwa kwabaqeshwa ngaphambi kwenkundla yesithili eGöttingen, inkundla yesithili eGöttingen)

ngaphezulu

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Ifom yefowuni yamahhala

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izithuba

Ngokomgaqo, ilungelo lokufumana ulwazi phantsi kwe-§ 242 BGB ayikwazi ukuvalwa ixesha ngaphambi kokuba ibango elibalulekileyo elisebenzayo.

I-BGH INJONGO VI ZR 222 / 16 ye-25. Julayi 2017

BGB §§ 195, 242 Yiba, 372, 812; I-HintG NRW §§ 4, 22 Abs. 3

VI. I-Senate yezoBuntu yeNkundla yeSithili ifanele ukuvalelwa kwe-20. NgoJuni 2017 nguJaji weSihlalo uGalke, umgwebi ovulekileyo umgodi, abagwebi uDkt. Oehler kunye nodla. URoloff kunye nejaji amancinci
yaziwa ngokunene:
Kwesikhalazo sommangalelwa isigwebo se-6. Chamber of Civil of the Landgericht Köln ye12. Meyi 2016 i rhoxiswe. Icala liyabuyiselwa kwinkundla yesibheno kwisilingo esitsha kunye nesigqibo, kubandakanywa neendleko zesibheno.

Funda ngaphezulu

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Akukho ufikelelo lwazi kwii-nombolo zefoni ezisemthethweni zabasebenzi bamaziko emisebenzi

Ilungelo lokufikelela kwiinkcukacha zeenombolo ezisemthethweni zabasebenzi beZiko leeJob zinokubakho isongelo ekusebenziseni igunya kunye nokukhuselwa kwedatha yomuntu ukuchasa abasebenzi. INkundla yoLawulo ye-Federal eLeipzig iye yanquma namhlanje.

Abamangaleli, bachaza uMthetho weNkululeko yoLwazi, bafune ukufikelela kwiinkcukacha zomnxeba wenkonzo yamaziko emisebenzi yokumangalelwa eCologne, eNuremberg City, Berlin Mitte naseBerlin Treptow-Köpenick. Abasebenzi beeziko lemisebenzi ayifumaneki ngokuthe ngqo ngabathengi babo ngefowuni. Iifowuni ziphendulwa kwimeko nganye ngamacandelo enkonzo ngokusetyenzwa ngokukodwa ngamanani ofowuni afanayo.

Ngaphandle kokuba amabango ashicilelwe ngabamangalelwa ayenokuphikisana, izinto ezenziweyo kwimeko yesibheno aziphumelelanga. Ukuhlaziywa okubhekiselele kulokhu kuye kwalahlwa yiNkundla yoLawulo lweSithili.

Funda ngaphezulu

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Inkqubo yomlomo phambi kweenkundla zomthetho (umgaqo wokuziphatha, ukuthintela iinkundla zenkundla)

§ I-128 Umgaqo woNyaka; inkqubo ebhaliweyo

(1) Amaqela athetha ingxoxo phambi kwenkundla yetyala ngomlomo.
(2) Ngesivumelwano semibutho, esithintekayo kuphela xa kwenzeka inguqu enkulu kwimeko yokugweba, inkundla inokugqiba isigqibo ngaphandle kwemigaqo yomlomo. Ngokukhawuleza inquma ixesha apho izicelo zingeniswa kunye nomhla wesigqibo sokubhengezwa. Isigqibo ngaphandle kokuvalelwa ngomlomo asivumelekanga ukuba ngaphezu kweenyanga ezintathu kudlulileyo ukususela kwimvumelwano yamaqela.
(3) Ukuba kuphela iindleko kufuneka zigqitywe, isigqibo singenziwa ngaphandle kokuva.
(4) Izigwebo zenkundla ezingekho izigwebo zinganikwa ngaphandle kwemigaqo, ngaphandle kokuba kuchazwe ngenye indlela.
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§ 78 ZPO iAnwaltsprozess

(1) Ngaphambi kweenkundla zengingqi kunye neenkundla zengingqi eziphezulu, amaqela kufuneka amelwe ngummeli. Ukuba inkundla yesigqeba esiphezulu isungulwa kwilizwe ngokubhekiselele kwi-§ 8 yoMthetho woLungiso kuMthetho weeJaji, ngoko maqela kufuneka amelwe ngummeli. Ngaphambi kweNkundla yeSigqeba soBulungisa, amaqela kufuneka amelwe ngummeli ovunyelwe kwi-Federal Court of Justice.
(2) Abasemagunyeni kunye amaqumrhu asemthethweni komthetho loluntu, kubandakanywa ukusekwa ngabo ukuba benze yonke imisebenzi yoluntu yokudityaniswa yabo ibe nxaxheba ukuba semvume yokubhena hlenga abasebenzi ngumgwebi abaqeqeshiweyo okanye abasebenzi wakufanelekela ukuba ndigwebe amanye amagunya okanye imizimba ilawulwa ngumthetho karhulumente, kuquka yi limelwe ukuba azalisekise imisebenzi yoluntu yokudityaniswa zabo abembumbile.
(3) Le mithetho ayiyi kusebenza kwiinkqubo phambi kokuba kuthunyelwe ijaji okanye i-jaji eceliwe kunye nezenzo zenkqubo enokuthi zenziwe phambi komabhalana we-registry.

(4) Igqwetha elifanelekileyo lokumelwa ngokuhambelana nemimiselo ye-1 kunye ne-2 ingazimela.

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Imithetho yolawulo kunye neendawo zendawo zokuqinisekisa ukuba ijaji elisemthethweni

Ngokomgaqo, ukuqinisekisa ukuba ijaji lezomthetho liyakugwema ukuphathwa ngamanye amaqela okanye zombini kunye nokuqinisekisa ukuhanjiswa okufanelekileyo kwezoshishino, umyalelo uchaza ukuba yintoni inkundla yomzekelo wokuqala ummangali kufuneka abize.

a) Ulawulo olusemgangathweni

Igunya lesigxina kukuba ingaba inkundla yesithili okanye inkundla yesithili inamandla njengenkundla yokuqala. Ummiselo ungaphinda ufumaneke kwiGVG. Ngokutsho § 23 GVG uxanduva wenkundla yesithili ziquka ngokucalula sezimali kunye namabango non-pecuniary ezixabisa ukuya 5.000 kowethu, kungakhathaliseki ukuba isixa-mali ekuxoxwa ukuba neengxabano ezivela leases izindlu kunye ezivela kwiindawo ubudala. Phakathi kwezinye izinto, inkundla yesithili inoxanduva lwezenzo zonke ezihamba ngaphaya kwe-5.000 Euro (bona § 71 GVG). Ukubala kwexabiso kwiingxabano zokulawula ngoku kuyafumaneka kwakhona kwi §§ 1 ff. ZPO. Ukuba inkundla engekho enegunya iyakuthiwa, isenzo kufuneka sichithwe singenakuvunyelwa. Nangona kunjalo, inkundla kufuneka yazise amaqela kwangaphambili. Kwimeko enjalo, ummangali unelungelo lokufaka isicelo sokuthunyelwa. Oku kungenziwa nakwezinye iindlela. Kuba izicelo ezinjalo akukho gqwetha kwinkundla yesithili. Inkundla ke ibhekisela kwinkundla efanelekileyo (§ 281 ZPO). Le ncwadana ibophezela. Malunga neendleko senkundla isigqibo, apho kuwo.

Ngaphandle kokuba ulawulo olulodwa lukhona, amaqela angathi, ngendlela yokukhetha yesivumelwano senkundla, abize inkundla engazimele. Ummangalelwa naye unokubandakanya iRügelos. Ngaphambi kokuba inkundla yesithili, kunjalo, kufuneka ixelelwe yinkantolo yegunya (§ 504 ZPO).

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Isibheno kunye nesibheno malunga nezigwebo kwinkqubo yomgaqo-nkqubo

Izigwebo zenkundla yesithili kunye nenkundla yesithili ziyakwazi ukuhlaselwa ngesibheno. Inkundla ephakamileyo elandelayo ihlaziya isigwebo. Nangona kunjalo, isibheno sinokuvunyelwa kuphela ukuba unqatshelwe kwisixa ubuncinane se-600 Euro okanye inkundla egqibeleleyo kwimeko yokuqala, isibheno kwisigwebo esivumelekileyo.

Ukuqwalasela: Ukuba kukho okokuqala kuthiwa yiyo, isibheno asivumelekanga. Kunoko, unokwenza isibheno ngokubhekiselele kuyo kwiiveki ezimbini. Ngokuchasene nesicatshulwa sinquma inkundla efanelekileyo.

Isibheno malunga nezigwebo zenkundla yesithili sibhekiselwe kwinkundla yesithili - ngaphandle kwezigqibo zenkundla yentsapho: Kuhlala kusekho iGunya leNkundla ePhakamileyo. Izigwebo zenkundla yesithili zihlolwe yinkantolo yesithili esiphezulu.

Funda ngaphezulu

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Ummeli wobudlelwane usemigaqo yokumisela umvuzo ngokwemigaqo ye-45 ff. I-RVG ayikho ibango kumninimzi karhulumente wokubuyisela i-VAT

Ummeli ochasene naye usemigqalweni yokumisela umvuzo ngokwemigaqo ye-§§ 45 ff. RVG akukho bango ngokubhekiselele kwingxowa-mali karhulumente Ukubuyiswa kweVAT, kunikwe nguye elinelungelo lokuthatha irhafu yerhafu na.

Funda ngaphezulu

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Kwisicelo senkundla ye-bankruptcy ye-20.4.05 yokutshatyalaliswa kwemicimbi kwi-asethi yomboleki evuliwe.

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Inkqubo yokubhankanya: Uxanduva lokuhlawulwa ngabatyala

Inkqubo yokubhankanya: Uxanduva lokuhlawulwa ngabatyala

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Ukuba iinkqubo zokungeniswa kwexesha zivulekile kwiimpahla zeetyala, ezinye izicelo zokuvulwa kweenkqubo eziphathelele i-asethi esele i-insolvency (§ 35 InsO) ayivumelekanga.

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Umthetho wokungeniswa: Akukho nelisa ngokwanelisayo kwixabiso le-inshorensi yobomi

Isabelo se-inshorensi yobomi bentsholongwane yokufa kwibhanki kuqukwa nexabiso lokunikezela.

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Izivumelwano zoshishino kwiinkqubo zokungabikho

Ibango lomboleki-mali sele liwela kwindawo yokungabikho, xa ivela ngaphambi kokuvula. Akuyimfuneko ukuba ibango linyanzeliswe ngaphambi kokuvulwa kwenkqubo. I-2) Ibango lezenzo ezingagunyaziswanga ngokuzithandela lithatha inxaxheba kwiinkqubo ezingenakunyulwa.

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I-Trustee ye-Bankruptcy: Ibango lepropati ngaphandle kokungqinelani kwamanye amatyala

Umlawuli ongabonakaliyo akaphululi ilungelo lakhe lokufumana umvuzo kwiinkqubo zokungabikho komthetho apho awenzile ukuphulwa komsebenzi ngenxa yokuba uye wenza umonakalo kwezinye iinkqubo zokungabikho.

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Intlawulo yomlawuli we-Insolvency: ukongezwa kwezinto kunye nelungelo lokunyusa

Iimpahla kunye namalungelo zemfundo kunye secretion ihlonitshwa kuphela ukuba zongezwe asethi ngokwe § 1 4 I InsVV, ngaphandle kokuba umphathi wethutyana undenze ngokwengqikelelo kunye nabo. Imisebenzi ebalulekileyo kuphela ngokumalunga nempahla ehlawulwayo kufuneka ithathelwe ingqalelo ngokukhangela.

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Intlawulo yomlawuli we-Insolvency: Ngokomlinganiselo "wokuqhutyelwa kwemisebenzi" kunye "nokutshintshwa kweshishini

Ngokuxhomekeke kwiimeko, ukwanda kwemivuzo ngokwemiqathango yokuqhubeka "kwemisebenzi" kunye ne-17% kunye "nokuthunyelwa komsebenzi" kunye ne-10% ingafanelekile.