Litigation

Chigamulo monga woimira wotsutsa kapena woimira woimirayo ndi chilakolako chathu. Chifukwa chake, timakonza zochitika zamtundu uliwonse ndikupereka chigamulo ndi maudindo pamaso pa makhoti ku Lower Saxony, Bremen ndi Hamburg.

tsiku chifaniziro

Ngati inu, monga loya ku Lower Saxony, Hamburg kapena Bremen, mukuyenera kuti muyambe kukonza khoti koma simukufuna kuika izi pamsonkhanowu nokha, tidzakhala nawo kwa inu pa mlandu ndi chifukwa cha luso lathu lodziwika bwino.

Zithunzi zomwe timachita pa makhoti otsatirawa

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Chowonadi, ufulu wokhudzidwa pansi pa § 242 BGB sungakhale nthawi yoleredwa chisanachitike chigamulo chachikulu chimene chimapereka.

BGH KUCHITSA VI ZR 222 / 16 ya 25. July 2017

BGB §§ 195, 242 Be, 372, 812; Chinthu chachikulu NRW §§ 4, 22 para. 3

VI. Civil Senate ya Federal Court iyenera kumvetsera 20. June 2017 ndi wotsogolera woweruza Galke, woweruza milandu wotseguka, oweruza Dr. Oehler ndi dr. Roloff ndi woweruza ang'onoang'ono
adziwa molondola:
Pa pempho la wotsutsa ndikuweruzidwa kwa 6. Civil Chamber of the Landgericht Köln ya 12. Mayani 2016 achotsedwa. Nkhaniyi imatumizidwa ku khoti la khoti la milandu chifukwa cha mlandu watsopano ndi chigamulochi, kuphatikizapo mtengo wa pempholo.

Werengani zambiri

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Palibe chidziwitso chodziwika kwa nambala za foni za ogwira ntchito malo ogwira ntchito

Chilolezo chodziŵa zambiri ku nambala za foni za antchito a malo ogwira ntchito zingakhale zoopsya ku ntchito ya ulamuliro komanso chitetezo cha deta yaumwini. Bungwe la Federal Administrative Court ku Leipzig lasankha lero.

Otsutsawo, akunena za Freedom of Information Act, akufuna kupeza mauthenga a foni a Job Centers ku Cologne, Nuremberg City, Berlin Mitte ndi Berlin Treptow-Köpenick. Ogwira ntchito ku malo ogwira ntchitowa sakuwonekeratu mwachindunji ndi makasitomala awo pa telefoni. Maofesi amayankhidwa pazifukwa zonse ndi malo ogwiritsira ntchito apadera ndi manambala a foni yunifolomu.

Malinga ndi zomwe adanenedwa ndi otsutsa adakali kutsutsana, zomwe adachita pa mlanduwu sizinapambane. Zosinthidwa motsutsana ndi izi zatsutsidwa ndi Federal Administration Court.

Werengani zambiri

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Milandu ya milandu pamaso pa makhoti a boma (mfundo ya chikhalidwe, kuletsa makhoti achibisika)

Kamutu: 128 Mfundo ya Makhalidwe; ndondomeko yolembedwa

(1) Maphwando adakambirana mkangano pamaso pa khoti la milandu.
(2) Ndi mgwirizano wa maphwando, zomwe zingasokonezedwe pokhapokha ngati padzakhala kusintha kwakukulu kwa milandu, khotili lingasankhe popanda milandu. Posakhalitsa, amatsimikizira nthawi yomwe pempho lingaperekedwe komanso tsiku la chisankho chidzalengezedwe. Chigamulo chopanda chigamulo n'chosavomerezeka ngati zoposa miyezi itatu zatha kuyambira mgwirizano wa maphwando.
(3) Ngati zokhazo ziyenera kugonjetsedwa, chisankho chikhoza kupangidwa popanda kumva.
(4) Zokambirana za khothi zomwe siziri ziweruzo zingaperekedwe popanda milandu, pokhapokha zitaperekedwa zina.
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Kamutu: 78 ZPO Anwaltsprozess

(1) Pambuyo pa makhoti am'deralo ndi makhoti apamwamba a m'madera, maphwando ayenela kuimiridwa ndi loya. Ngati bwalo lamilandu lapamwamba likhazikitsidwa m'dziko chifukwa cha § 8 ya Lamulo Loyamba la Chilamulo, ndiye kuti maphwando ayeneranso kuyimilidwa ndi loya. Pambuyo pa Khoti Lalikulu la Chilungamo, maphwando ayenela kuimiridwa ndi loya yemwe adaloledwa ku Khoti Lalikulu la Chilungamo.
(2) Maulamuliro ndi mabungwe alamulo lamulo la boma, kuphatikizapo popangidwa ndi iwo kugwira ntchito anthu awo Kuphatikizana akhoza kukhala ophunzira chifukwa tchuthi kuti ndikaonekere ndi wolembedwa ntchito yakulipidwa antchito ndi woweruza oyenerera kapena ogwira ntchito woyenera kuti aweruze akuluakulu ena kapena matupi amatsatila lamulo la boma, kuphatikizapo ndi kuwayimira iwo pakuchita ntchito zawo zapagulu.
(3) Malamulo amenewa sagwiritsidwe ntchito pokhapokha atapatsidwa lamulo kapena kupempha woweruza ndi zochita zomwe zingachitike pamaso pa abusa a boma.

(4) Lamulo yemwe ali ndi ufulu woimiridwa malinga ndi ndime 1 ndi 2 angadziyimire yekha.

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Malamulo enieni ndi am'deralo ovomerezeka kuti apereke lamulo lalamuloa

Kuonetsetsa woweruza chololedwa, kupewa mpheto ndi chipani chilichonse, kapena onse awiri, ndi kuonetsetsa kugawa moyenera kumuukira zachuma, lamulo, mfundo zomwe ndendende bwalo udzamutche Poyamba a Chakuamba lapansi.

a) Mphamvu zofunikira

Lamulo lalikulu ndiloti khoti lachigawo kapena khoti lachigawo liri ndi ulamuliro monga khoti la chiyambi. Malamulo angapezeke kachiwiri mu GVG. Malinga Kamutu 23 GVG maudindo khoti laling'ono monga mikangano pecuniary ndi zonena sanali pecuniary ndi kufunika kwa 5.000 mayuro, kaya ndalama mu mkangano chifukwa mikangano akuwuka kuchokera leases nyumba ndi ochokera m'madera akale. The khoti laling'ono ndi udindo Mwa zina zochita zonse kupitirira 5.000 mayuro (onani. Kamutu 71 GVG). Kuwerengera kwa mtengo wapikisano woweruza kungathe kupezedwa kachiwiri mu §§ 1 ff. ZPO. Ngati khoti losavomerezeka limatchedwa, ntchitoyi iyenera kutayidwa ngati yosayenera. Komabe, khoti liyenera kuwuza maphwando kale. Zikatero, wotsutsayo ali ndi mwayi wopempha kuti atumizidwe. Izi zikhoza kuchitidwanso m'njira zina. Pazinthu zoterezi palibe woyimira milandu ku khoti la chigawo. Khoti likunena za khoti loyenerera (Kamutu: 281 ZPO). Izi zikutanthauza. Khoti limaganizira za mtengo umene adafotokozera.

Pokhapokha ngati pali ulamuliro wokhawokha, maphwando angapite kukhoti la ulamuliro woyenerera mwa kusankha mgwirizano wa khoti. Wotsutsa akhoza kutenga nawo rügelos. Komabe, pamaso pa khoti la chigawo, ayenera kuuzidwa ndi khothi lamilandu (Kamutu 504 ZPO).

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Chigamulo ndi chigamulo chotsutsa chigamulo cha boma

Zilangizi za khoti la chigawo ndi khoti la chigawo zingathe kuwonetsedwa ndi pempho. Khoti lamilandu lotsatirali kenaka liwonanso chigamulocho. Komabe, pempholi ndi lovomerezeka ngati mwagonjetsedwa ndi ndalama zosachepera 600 euros kapena khoti limene lapanga poyamba, pempho lachigamulo chololedwa.

Chenjezo: Ngati ndilo loyesa kuweruzidwa koyambirira, ndiye kuti pempho sililoledwa. M'malo mwake, mungathe kutsutsana nazo pasanathe milungu iwiri. Ponena za kukana kumasankha ndiye khoti loyenerera.

Chigamulo chotsutsa milandu ya khoti la chigawo chimayankhulidwa ku khoti lachigawo - kupatulapo zokambirana za khoti lachibwalo: Nthawi zonse pamakhala Khoti Lalikulu Lachigawo. Zilango za khoti la chigawo zikuyankhidwa ndi bwalo lamilandu lapamwamba.

Werengani zambiri

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Wovomerezeka wothandizira ali ndi ndondomeko yoyendetsera malipiro malinga ndi § § 45 ff.

ndi Wovomerezeka wothandizira alibe ufulu wodalitsila Landeskasse kubwezera msonkho wamtengo wapatali pa ndondomeko yoyendetsera malipiro pansi pa §§ 45 ff. RVGngati phwandolo likuyimilidwa ndilo loyenera kulandira msonkho woperekedwa.

Werengani zambiri

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Pogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi khoti la bankruptcy la 20.4.05 kuwonongeka kwa malamulo pa katundu wa wobwereketsa anatsegulidwa.

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Bankruptcy ndondomeko: Udindo wa kubwezeretsedwa kwa ngongole

Bankruptcy ndondomeko: Udindo wa kubwezeretsedwa kwa ngongole

 
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Ngati ndondomeko ya insolvency idatsegulidwa kale pa katundu wa wobwereketsa, pempho lina loyambilana ndi zokhudzana ndi katundu amene ali kale insolvency (§ 35 InsO) silovomerezeka.

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Lamulo la Insolvency: Palibe kukhutira kosiyana ndi kudzipereka kwa inshuwalansi ya moyo

Udindo wa inshuwalansi ya moyo wokhudzana ndi imfa ku banki umaphatikizansopo kudzipereka.

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Zokambirana za bizinesi pamilandu ya insolvency

Kudzinenera kwa wobwereketsa kale kumalowa mu malo osungirako malonda, ngati izo zinayambira kutsegulidwa. Sikoyenera kuti chigamulo chikhale chokhazikitsidwa chisanayambe kutsegulidwa. 2) Chigamulo chazochita zosavomerezeka mwachindunji chikuphatikizanso muzitsulo zosavomerezeka.

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Bankruptcy Trustee: Chidziwitso cha malipiro ngakhale kudandaula muzinthu zina zachinyengo

Wolamulira wa insolvency sasiya ufulu wake wopereka malipiro muzinyozo zopanda malire zomwe sanachite ntchito yopanda ntchito chifukwa adachita chigamulo m'zinthu zina zopanda chilema.

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Malipiro a wogulitsa insolvency: Kuwonjezerapo katundu ndi kulandira malipiro

Zosowa ndi ufulu wolekanitsa ndi tsankho zimangowonjezedwa ku katundu malinga ndi § 1 I 4 InsVV ngati wogwiritsira ntchito panthaŵiyo achita nawo zambiri. Zochita zofunikira zokha zokhudzana ndi chuma chokongoletsera ziyenera kuonedwa ndizokwanira.

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Malipiro a woyang'anira insolvency: Pa kuchuluka kwa "kupitiriza ntchito" ndi "kutengerapo bizinesi

Malingana ndi zochitikazo, kuwonjezeka kwa malipiro pa "kuda nkhawa" ndi 17% ndi "kutumiza bizinesi" ndi 10% kungakhale koyenera.